关于整治论坛【新工收藏品及以新充老】现象的管理通知 身份认证快速通道 关于整治论坛【新工收藏品及以新充老】现象的管理通知
查看: 2504|回复: 3

爱斯基摩人的圆顶冰屋

[复制链接]

6888

帖子

115

关注

552

粉丝

西域浪客

Rank: 36Rank: 36Rank: 36Rank: 36

品藏大赛2011 精华1级勋章

长生天下的永恒

发表于 2004-12-13 00:42:02 |显示全部楼层

信誉 1017 / 粟米 341.55 / 恶评 0 / 不满 0 / 帖子 6888 / 精华 11 / 在线 558 小时 / 注册 2002-12-22

爱斯基摩人的圆顶冰屋

爱斯基摩人的圆顶冰屋

Igloo

The igloo, a temporary winter hunting shelter to the Alaskan Eskimo does, in fact, melt inside, but not to a great extent.

The snowflakes falling outside of the igloo, in the harsh Alaskan winter, quickly melt when they land on its roof, and provide a replacement layer of insulation for the igloo. The ongoing freezing and re-freezing of the igloo, hardens it, and transforms the blocks of snow the Eskimos used in the construction process into a solid, icy, domed refuge. The igloo can now withstand the weight of a massive polar bear, should one happen along and have the urge to play "king of the mountain."

The initial freezing and re-freezing of the igloo takes place at end of the igloo's construction. First, the men must dig a trench into a fresh snow- drift, and, using their knives, cut blocks of snow from it that are specifically shaped to face inward when fully laid out. They then lay the blocks on their edges to form a circle, cutting them to size as they go, so that the end result will be a narrowing spiral. They cap the igloo by dropping a keystone, or block with edges cut wider above than below, into the remaining gap in the roof, and "grout" the gaps between blocks of snow with additional snow.

爱斯基摩人的圆顶冰屋

圆顶冰屋是阿拉斯加的爱斯基摩人在冬天打猎时的临时栖身处,实际上,里面是会融化的,但不是很厉害。

在阿拉斯加冰冷的冬天,雪花落下来,当它们一接触到屋顶,便迅速融化,为冰屋建立了一个隔离层。持续的结冰使冰屋变的更坚硬,把爱斯基摩人用冰块建造的屋子变成一个结实,冰冷,半球形的避难处。冰屋现在能禁得住一只大北极熊的袭击,它们偶尔会出现,就象是“山中之王”。

冰屋的持续结冰发生在建筑过程的末尾。首先,人们必须挖一条沟渠,让新下的雪漂流过来,然后当雪充分填满沟的内部并成形后,用刀切下雪块。再把雪块铺在他们盖屋子的地点围成一个圆圈,修整到需要的尺寸大小,最后形成窄小的螺旋形。人们用拱顶石来盖顶,或者把雪块削切得上边缘比下边缘更宽,放进剩下的屋顶缺口里,再用雪来塞满雪块间的缝隙。

* igloo (n.) (因纽特人的)圆顶冰屋 * Eskimo (n.) 爱斯基摩人 * polar bear 北极熊 * keystone (n.) 拱顶石

The men then call in the resident expert, the Eskimo woman, to put the finishing touches on the igloo. Armed with her whale blubber lamp, she enters the structure, lights her lamp to the highest possible setting, beats a hasty retreat, and seals the entrance with a block of ice. Inside the igloo, the snow on the roof begins to melt but, because of its domed design, the water melts down the sides of the igloo, and soaks the blocks of snow. When the blocks are almost completely saturated with water, the Eskimo woman returns, douses her blubber lamp, and allows the frigid outside air to rush in, transforming the fragile snow structure into one of hard, solid ice.

The igloo is now prepared for its temporary tenants, whose body heat, combined with the warmth of one to two blubber lamps, maintain its interior at approximately 55°F. Not until the winter ends, and the exterior temperature rises, does the igloo begin to melt.

最后,人们请来当地的专家,爱斯基摩妇女,以便给冰屋做最后的画龙点睛。她们手中拿着鲸脂灯,走进冰屋,点亮灯,把灯放的尽可能高,然后赶快退出来,并且用一块冰把入口密封起来。冰屋里面顶上的雪开始融化,但因为它是被设计成半球形,融化后的水从冰屋的内侧流下来,把雪块都浸透了。当雪块几乎已经完全被浸在一起时,爱斯基摩妇女回到屋子里,熄灭鲸脂灯,让外面冰冷的空气急速的进来,把易碎的雪变成一整块坚固,结实的冰。

现在的冰屋都是房客的临时住处,他们的身体温度高,还有1个或2个鲸脂灯的热量,室内大约都是在55度左右。直到冬天结束,室外温度升高,冰屋才开始融化。

* whale blubber lamp 鲸脂灯 * douse (v.) 熄灭

长生天下的永恒......
回复

使用道具 举报

176

帖子

0

关注

4

粉丝

Rank: 3

发表于 2004-12-14 11:21:06 |显示全部楼层

信誉 10 / 粟米 6.35 / 恶评 0 / 不满 0 / 帖子 176 / 精华 0 / 在线 0 小时 / 注册 2004-4-25

Sounds frozen...
回复

使用道具 举报

6888

帖子

115

关注

552

粉丝

西域浪客

Rank: 36Rank: 36Rank: 36Rank: 36

品藏大赛2011 精华1级勋章

长生天下的永恒

发表于 2004-12-14 12:02:13 |显示全部楼层

信誉 1017 / 粟米 341.55 / 恶评 0 / 不满 0 / 帖子 6888 / 精华 11 / 在线 558 小时 / 注册 2002-12-22

hi!~Cheese, long time no see? How's it going ?
长生天下的永恒......
回复

使用道具 举报

176

帖子

0

关注

4

粉丝

Rank: 3

发表于 2004-12-14 22:48:31 |显示全部楼层

信誉 10 / 粟米 6.35 / 恶评 0 / 不满 0 / 帖子 176 / 精华 0 / 在线 0 小时 / 注册 2004-4-25

Sorry that I didn't come here very often...

Just busying myself about office work and housework

回复

使用道具 举报

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 加入盛世

关闭

精彩推荐上一条 /1 下一条

盛世收藏网论坛APP
盛世收藏网论坛APP

QQ|Archiver|盛世收藏网 ( 京ICP备10017546号-1 )| 京公网安备 11010502032689号  

GMT+8, 2020-3-29 08:03

广告合作|加入我们|服务电话: 400-813-9977

论坛所有帖子仅代表作者本人意见,不代表本网站立场

回顶部